# MatLab2012b/MatLab2013b 分类器大全(svm,knn,随机森林等)

GrazyThinking 分享于

train_data是训练特征数据, train_label是分类标签。
Predict_label是预测的标签。
MatLab训练数据, 得到语义标签向量 Scores(概率输出)。

1.逻辑回归(多项式MultiNomial logistic Regression)
Factor = mnrfit(train_data, train_label);
Scores = mnrval(Factor, test_data);
scores是语义向量(概率输出)。对高维特征，吃不消。

2.随机森林分类器（Random Forest）
Factor = TreeBagger(nTree, train_data, train_label);
[Predict_label,Scores] = predict(Factor, test_data);
scores是语义向量(概率输出)。实验中nTree = 500。

3.朴素贝叶斯分类（Naive Bayes）
Factor = NaiveBayes.fit(train_data, train_label);
Scores = posterior(Factor, test_data);
[Scores,Predict_label] = posterior(Factor, test_data);
Predict_label = predict(Factor, test_data);
accuracy = length(find(predict_label == test_label))/length(test_label)*100;

4. 支持向量机SVM分类
Factor = svmtrain(train_data, train_label);
predict_label = svmclassify(Factor, test_data);

Factor = svmtrain(train_label, train_data, '-b 1');
[predicted_label, accuracy, Scores] = svmpredict(test_label, test_data, Factor, '-b 1');

5.K近邻分类器 （KNN）
predict_label = knnclassify(test_data, train_data,train_label, num_neighbors);
accuracy = length(find(predict_label == test_label))/length(test_label)*100;

IDX = knnsearch(train_data, test_data);
IDX = knnsearch(train_data, test_data, 'K', num_neighbors);
[IDX, Dist] = knnsearch(train_data, test_data, 'K', num_neighbors);
IDX是近邻样本的下标集合，Dist是距离集合。

Matlab 2012新版本:
Factor = ClassificationKNN.fit(train_data, train_label, 'NumNeighbors', num_neighbors);
predict_label = predict(Factor, test_data);
[predict_label, Scores] = predict(Factor, test_data);

6.集成学习器（Ensembles for Boosting, Bagging, or Random Subspace）
Matlab 2012新版本:
Factor = fitensemble(train_data, train_label, 'AdaBoostM2', 100, 'tree');
Factor = fitensemble(train_data, train_label, 'AdaBoostM2', 100, 'tree', 'type', 'classification');
Factor = fitensemble(train_data, train_label, 'Subspace', 50, 'KNN');
predict_label = predict(Factor, test_data);
[predict_label, Scores] = predict(Factor, test_data);

7. 判别分析分类器（discriminant analysis classifier）
Factor = ClassificationDiscriminant.fit(train_data, train_label);
Factor = ClassificationDiscriminant.fit(train_data, train_label, 'discrimType', '判别类型:伪线性...');
predict_label = predict(Factor, test_data);

[predict_label, Scores] = predict(Factor, test_data);

train_data是训练特征数据, train_label是分类标签。 Predict_label是预测的标签。 MatLab训练数据, 得到语义标签向量 Scores(概率输出)。 1.逻辑回归(多项式MultiNomial logistic Regression)

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